Best conditions for root development is in deeply aerated soil. With complimentary additives virtually any soil can be improved. Planting roses in individual holes restricts root development; comparable to growing in pots. Only for roses to be grown as specimen bushes, shrubs or climbers are individual holes (1m wide x 60cm deep)to be dug. For rose beds the whole area should be prepared and for rows of roses trenches need to be dug.

How to prepare your soil

Compacted Soil

Compacted soil locks up many important nutrients and it requires humus (described as “organic constituent of the soil formed by the decomposition of plant material) to “unlock” such nutrients.

Raised Beds

The raised level of the soil of the rose bed or individual hole is most important. It allows superb aeration and prevents standing water in the level where the roots are most active. In time with the decomposition of the large quantities of plant material (compost) the level will drop, but not to an detrimental sunken bed.

Sandy Soil

When it is found that the soil is too sandy, as is often then the case near the sea, and without large quantities of water holding material being available it is best to sink large plastic pots, even half 100 or 200 litre plastic drums with holes cut into the bottom into the sand and to plant the rose bush with potting soil into the pots. The same applies to positions when encountering dense roots from nearby trees or climbers when digging holes or beds. Such tree roots would quickly throw an even denser root net above the roots of the newly planted roses not giving them a chance to develop. Again, planting the roses in big pots sunk into the soil with just the rim sticking out will solve this problem.

Read more on the planting procedure.

Back to ‘How to grow roses’


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