How to plant a rose

Roses are expected to thrive in your garden for up to 10 years. Soil preparation is therefore the actual important aspect when planting a rose.

Select a good sunny spot that enjoys good air circulation.

Roses can however also grow in an area that enjoys dappled sun light, where trees have been cut quite high to let in enough light. They need a minimum of 6 hours of sun a day.

Dig a hole 50cm deep and wide. Fill hole with water and leave it to drain.
If you are planting several roses prepare the entire bed in the same manner.

Add large quantities of compost to the dug out soil to ensure good drainage and aeration. A good rule of thumb is half compost, half exisitng soil. A handfull of bone meal can be mixed in as well. Fertiliser should not be applied at all!

Our Planting Mix is ideal – you can plant 3 – 5 rose plants with one bag – its marvelous stuff! Bone meal does not have to be added to this rich compost.

Fill the hole with enough mixed soil to place the rose at the correct height, remove the plant from the bag or pot.

Position the plant – the bud-union must eventually be 4cm below the surface of the soil.

Fill more enriched soil around the plant, compress the soil and water well.

DO NOT USE ANY FERTILISER WHEN PLANTING!!!! Fertiliser is only applied one month after the newly rose has settled into its new home.

click here for a more detailed article on the planting procedure…

Pest and Disease Control – General Guidelines

To be effective, the spraying of roses for the control of pests and diseases needs to be carried out properly and with the correct understanding of both the pest and the applicable pesticides. Pesticide is the generally understood term for chemical compounds which control insects and diseases on plants.

Read more about environmentally responsible pest and disease control, benefical insects and much more in Johan Gerber’s book called The Garden Guardian, Aardvark Press.

Pesticides are dived into:

  • insecticides – for the control of insects
  • fungicides – for the control of fungus diseases such as powdery mildew and black spot
  • acaricides (these control red spider)

For best results spray regularly:

  • In warm dry conditions – at least fortnightly
  • Rainy, humid weather conditions – on a weekly basis.

To be able to control the different pests and diseases one combines several pesticides in a ‘COCKTAIL’ to avoid having to spray the roses several times in one week. Pests and Diseases become resistant to specific chemicals if these are used continuously. For this reason it is good practice to alternate the pesticides.

  • Approximately one litre of spray solution is needed for 10 roses.
  • Mix powders first in a small quantity of water then add to the rest of the water.
  • Shake the spray pump well before spraying
  • Do not premix and store any pesticides – use immediatley

Warning : Pesticides can be poisonous – so please practice caution when using them.
Keep out of reach from children. Read the instructions carefully

COCKTAIL 1 for 10 litres of water – highly recommended

For powdery mildew, black spot, aphids, boll worm, stem borer, thrips and beetles.
Mix the following in 10l of water: (10 litres of spray mixture is enough for approx. 90-100 roses)

  • 50 ml LUDWIGS INSECT SPRAY+
  • 12 ml CHRONOS,
  • 12 ml LUDWIGS SPRAY STAY,
  • optional extra 10 g Phostrogen as a foliar feed (25 g MultiFeed)

COCKTAIL 2 for 10 litres of water

For black spot, downy mildew, aphids, boll worm, beetles, thrips & stem borer.
Mix the following in 10l of water: (10 litres of spray mixture is enough for approx. 90-100 roses)

  • 20 g DITHANE WG,
  • 12 ml LUDWIGS SPRAY STAY,
  • 10 ml GARDEN RIPCORD
  • 20 ml FUNGINEX